HgIS

Správa a analýza dat o životním prostředí
Environmental data management and analysis

Uživatelské nástroje

Nástroje pro tento web


cs:simple

Rozdíly

Zde můžete vidět rozdíly mezi vybranou verzí a aktuální verzí dané stránky.

Odkaz na výstup diff

cs:simple [2019-06-15]
Kamil Nešetřil [Alternativní jednoduché modely]
cs:simple [2019-10-26] (aktuální)
Řádek 2: Řádek 2:
 ... a o matematických modelech obecně ... a o matematických modelech obecně
  
-> HgIS pomáhá formulovat alternativní koncepční modely a umožňuje implementovat jednoduché procedurální (tj. výpočetní) modely. Prezentované [[cs:​casestudies|]] je možné implementovat v HgIS a jejich výsledky lze zobrazovat v\_online aplikaci, přičemž se výsledky aktualizují na základě nových dat.+> HgIS pomáhá formulovat alternativní koncepční modely a umožňuje implementovat jednoduché procedurální (tj. výpočetní) modely. Prezentované [[cs:​casestudies|]] je možné implementovat v HgIS a jejich výsledky lze zobrazovat v\_online aplikaci, přičemž se výsledky aktualizují na základě nových dat.  
 +> Navíc platforma Pentaho umožňuje((plugin [[https://​community.hitachivantara.com/​community/​products-and-solutions/​pentaho/​blog/​2018/​03/​06/​operationalizing-machine-learning|Machine Intelligence]])) spustit model založený na datech (např. neuronovou síť) s využitím různých implementací:​ R, Python, Weka a Deeplearning4j.
  
 <WRAP box> <WRAP box>
Řádek 62: Řádek 63:
 “Leavesley et al. (2002) proposed a new modelling paradigm: ‘this concept requires that we change the question of ‘which model is most appropriate for a specific set of criteria?​’ to ‘what combination of process conceptualisations is most appropriate?​’” (Branger et al. 2010, s.\_1673) “Leavesley et al. (2002) proposed a new modelling paradigm: ‘this concept requires that we change the question of ‘which model is most appropriate for a specific set of criteria?​’ to ‘what combination of process conceptualisations is most appropriate?​’” (Branger et al. 2010, s.\_1673)
  
-“Wolfram feels that science is far too ad hoc, in part because the models used are too complicated and/or unnecessarily organized around the limited primitives of traditional mathematics. Wolfram advocates using models whose variations are enumerable and whose consequences are straightforward to compute and analyze.” ​((https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​A_New_Kind_of_Science))+“Wolfram feels that science is far too ad hoc, in part because the models used are too complicated and/or unnecessarily organized around the limited primitives of traditional mathematics. Wolfram advocates using models whose variations are enumerable and whose consequences are straightforward to compute and analyze.” ​[[wp>A New Kind of Science]]
  
 “Booch et al. defined a model: ‘simplification of reality created to better understand the system being created’.” “Booch et al. defined a model: ‘simplification of reality created to better understand the system being created’.”
Řádek 98: Řádek 99:
  
 “…simple models are a good place to start because their transparent features provide clarity. A simple model is something to build on. In its sleek lines and limited assumptions,​ it can provide a base for elaboration while capturing the essence of a variety of more detailed possible explanations.” Levin (2007), citováno podle Fatichi et al. (2016). “…simple models are a good place to start because their transparent features provide clarity. A simple model is something to build on. In its sleek lines and limited assumptions,​ it can provide a base for elaboration while capturing the essence of a variety of more detailed possible explanations.” Levin (2007), citováno podle Fatichi et al. (2016).
 +
 +Engineering models must compromise between simplicity and realism. “The best solution emphasizes the former without undue violence to the latter”. (DiToro 2001)
  
 You know my methods, Watson. There was not one of them which I did not apply to the inquiry. And it ended by my discovering traces, but very different ones from those which I had expected.” – Sherlock Holmes in “The Crooked Man”, The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1893, Doubleday p. 416). You know my methods, Watson. There was not one of them which I did not apply to the inquiry. And it ended by my discovering traces, but very different ones from those which I had expected.” – Sherlock Holmes in “The Crooked Man”, The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1893, Doubleday p. 416).
 +
 +Moudrý muž je víc než silák, rozumný člověk je víc než mocný; proto veď válku se strategií, záchrana je v množství rádců. [[http://​www.obohu.cz/​bible/​index.php?​csp_poznamky=ano&​k=Pr&​styl=CSP&​kap=24&​v=6&​kv=6#​v6|Bible:​ Přísloví 24:​5–6]] ​
 === Citovaná literatura === === Citovaná literatura ===
-CLEMENTT. Prabhakar2011Complexities in hindcasting ​models-when should we say enough is enough? //Ground Water//. **49**(5), 620–629. ISSN 1745-6584. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2010.00765.x|10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00765.x]]+BAKKERMark2013Are all models ​wrongAbsolutely not. //Groundwater//. **51**(3), 313. ISSN 1745-6584. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​gwat.12037|10.1111/gwat.12037]]
  
-VOSSClifford I.2005The future of hydrogeology. //Hydrogeology Journal//. **13**(1), ​16. ISSN 1431-2174, 1435-0157. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1007/s10040-005-0435-8|10.1007/s10040-005-0435-8]]+BEVENKeith1993Prophecy, reality and uncertainty in distributed hydrological modelling. //Advances in Water Resources//. **16**(1), ​4151. ISSN 0309-1708. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1016/0309-1708(93)90028-E|10.1016/0309-1708(93)90028-E]]
  
-VOSSClifford ​I., 2011aEditor'​s message: Groundwater modeling fantasies -part 1adrift in the details//​Hydrogeology Journal//**19**(7)1281-1284ISSN 1431-21741435-0157DOI: [[https://​doi.org/10.1007/s10040-011-0789-z|10.1007/​s10040-011-0789-z]] +BRANGER, F., I. BRAUDSDEBIONNEPVIALLET, JDEHOTINHHENINEYNEDELEC a SANQUETIN, 2010Towards multi-scale integrated hydrological models using the LIQUID® frameworkOverview of the concepts and first application examples. //Environmental Modelling & Software//. **25**(12), 16721681. ISSN 1364-8152. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1016/j.envsoft.2010.06.005|10.1016/j.envsoft.2010.06.005]]
- +
-VOSS, Clifford I., 2011b. Editor'​s message: Groundwater modeling fantasies-part 2, down to earth. //Hydrogeology Journal//. **19**(8), 14551458. ISSN 1431-2174, 1435-0157. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1007/s10040-011-0790-6|10.1007/s10040-011-0790-6]]+
  
 BREDEHOEFT, John, 2010. Models and model analysis. //Ground Water//. **48**(3), 328–328. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2009.00631.x|10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2009.00631.x]] BREDEHOEFT, John, 2010. Models and model analysis. //Ground Water//. **48**(3), 328–328. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2009.00631.x|10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2009.00631.x]]
  
-HUNTRandall J., John DOHERTY a Matthew JTONKIN, 2007. Are models ​too simpleArguments for increased parameterization. ​//Ground Water//. **45**(3), 254262. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2007.00316.x|10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2007.00316.x]]+CLEMENTTPrabhakar2011Complexities in hindcasting ​models-when should we say enough is enough? //Ground Water//. **49**(5), 620629. ISSN 1745-6584. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2010.00765.x|10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2010.00765.x]]
  
-NARASIMHANT. N., 2005Hydrogeology in North America: past and future//​Hydrogeology Journal//. **13**(1), 7–24. DOI[[https://​doi.org/​10.1007/​s10040-004-0422-5|10.1007/s10040-004-0422-5]] +DITORODominic M., 2001Sediment Flux ModelingNew YorkWiley-InterscienceISBN 978-0-471-13535-7
- +
-NARASIMHAN, T. N., 2010. Comment on guest editorial: "​Models and model analysis"​. //Ground Water//. **48**(6), 785–785. ISSN 1745-6584. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2010.00731.x|10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2010.00731.x]] +
- +
-BRANGER, F., I. BRAUD, S. DEBIONNE, P. VIALLET, J. DEHOTIN, H. HENINE, Y. NEDELEC a S. ANQUETIN, 2010. Towards multi-scale integrated hydrological models using the LIQUID® framework. Overview of the concepts and first application examples. //​Environmental Modelling & Software//. **25**(12), 1672–1681. ISSN 1364-8152. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1016/​j.envsoft.2010.06.005|10.1016/​j.envsoft.2010.06.005]]+
  
 DOHERTY, John, 2011. Modeling: Picture perfect or abstract art? //Ground Water//. **49**(4), 455. ISSN 1745-6584. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2011.00812.x|10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2011.00812.x]] DOHERTY, John, 2011. Modeling: Picture perfect or abstract art? //Ground Water//. **49**(4), 455. ISSN 1745-6584. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2011.00812.x|10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2011.00812.x]]
  
-PERLISAlan J., 1982Epigrams on programming. //SIGPLAN Notices//. **17**(9), 713. ISSN 0362-1340. DOI: [[https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?​doid=947955.1083808|10.1145/947955.1083808]]+EBELBrian Aa Keith LOAGUE2006Physics-based hydrologic-response simulation: Seeing through the fog of equifinality. //Hydrological Processes//. **20**(13), 28872900. ISSN 1099-1085. DOI: [[https://doi.org/​10.1002/​hyp.6388|10.1002/​hyp.6388]] 
 + 
 +FATICHI, Simone, Enrique R. VIVONI, Fred L. OGDEN, Valeriy Y. IVANOV, Benjamin MIRUS, David GOCHIS, Charles W. DOWNER, Matteo CAMPORESE, Jason H. DAVISON, Brian EBEL, Norm JONES, Jongho KIM, Giuseppe MASCARO, Richard NISWONGER, Pedro RESTREPO, Riccardo RIGON, Chaopeng SHEN, Mauro SULIS a David TARBOTON, 2016. An overview of current applications,​ challenges, and future trends in distributed process-based models in hydrology. //Journal of Hydrology//​. **537**, 45–60. ISSN 0022-1694. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.03.026|10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.03.026]]
  
 HILL, Mary C. a Claire R. TIEDEMAN, 2007. //Effective groundwater model calibration?:​ with analysis of data, sensitivities,​ predictions,​ and uncertainty//​. Hoboken N.J.: Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-77636-9. ​ HILL, Mary C. a Claire R. TIEDEMAN, 2007. //Effective groundwater model calibration?:​ with analysis of data, sensitivities,​ predictions,​ and uncertainty//​. Hoboken N.J.: Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-77636-9. ​
  
-EBELBrian A. a Keith LOAGUE2006Physics-based hydrologic-response simulation: Seeing through the fog of equifinality. //Hydrological Processes//. **20**(13), 28872900. ISSN 1099-1085. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1002/hyp.6388|10.1002/hyp.6388]]+HUNTRandall J., John DOHERTY ​Matthew J. TONKIN2007Are models too simple? Arguments for increased parameterization. //Ground Water//. **45**(3), 254262. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00316.x|10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00316.x]]
  
-BEVENKeith1993Prophecyreality and uncertainty ​in distributed hydrological modelling. //Advances in Water Resources//. **16**(1), ​4151. ISSN 0309-1708. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1016/0309-1708(93)90028-E|10.1016/0309-1708(93)90028-E]]+LEVINSimon2007//Fragile Dominion//. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-01073-8. 
 + 
 +NARASIMHANT. N., 2005. Hydrogeology ​in North America: past and future. //Hydrogeology Journal//. **13**(1), ​724. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1007/s10040-004-0422-5|10.1007/​s10040-004-0422-5]] 
 + 
 +NARASIMHAN, T. N., 2010. Comment on guest editorial: "​Models and model analysis"​. //Ground Water//. **48**(6), 785–785. ISSN 1745-6584. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/​j.1745-6584.2010.00731.x|10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00731.x]] 
 + 
 +PERLIS, Alan J., 1982. Epigrams on programming. //SIGPLAN Notices//. **17**(9), 7–13. ISSN 0362-1340. DOI: [[https://​dl.acm.org/​citation.cfm?​doid=947955.1083808|10.1145/​947955.1083808]]
  
 SAVENIJE, Hubert H. G., 2001. Equifinality,​ a blessing in disguise? //​Hydrological Processes//​. **15**(14), 2835–2838. ISSN 1099-1085. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1002/​hyp.494|10.1002/​hyp.494]] SAVENIJE, Hubert H. G., 2001. Equifinality,​ a blessing in disguise? //​Hydrological Processes//​. **15**(14), 2835–2838. ISSN 1099-1085. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1002/​hyp.494|10.1002/​hyp.494]]
  
-BAKKERMark2013Are all models wrong? Absolutely not. //Groundwater//. **51**(3), 313. ISSN 1745-6584. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1111/gwat.12037|10.1111/gwat.12037]]+VOSSClifford I.2005The future of hydrogeology. //Hydrogeology Journal//. **13**(1), 1–6. ISSN 1431-2174, 1435-0157. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1007/s10040-005-0435-8|10.1007/s10040-005-0435-8]]
  
-FATICHISimone, Enrique RVIVONIFred LOGDEN, Valeriy Y. IVANOV, Benjamin MIRUS, David GOCHIS, Charles W. DOWNER, Matteo CAMPORESE, Jason H. DAVISON, Brian EBEL, Norm JONES, Jongho KIM, Giuseppe MASCARO, Richard NISWONGER, Pedro RESTREPO, Riccardo RIGON, Chaopeng SHEN, Mauro SULIS a David TARBOTON, 2016. An overview of current applications,​ challengesand future trends ​in distributed process-based models in hydrology. //​Journal ​of Hydrology//. **537**, 45–60. ISSN 0022-1694. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.03.026|10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.03.026]]+VOSSClifford I., 2011aEditor'​s message: Groundwater modeling fantasies -part 1adrift ​in the details. //Hydrogeology ​Journal//. **19**(7)1281-1284. ISSN 1431-2174, 1435-0157. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1007/s10040-011-0789-z|10.1007/s10040-011-0789-z]]
  
-LEVINSimon2007. //Fragile Dominion//. Basic BooksISBN 978-0-465-01073-8.+VOSSClifford I.2011b. Editor'​s message: Groundwater modeling fantasies-part 2, down to earth. //Hydrogeology Journal//. **19**(8), 1455–1458ISSN 1431-2174, 1435-0157. DOI: [[https://​doi.org/​10.1007/​s10040-011-0790-6|10.1007/​s10040-011-0790-6]]
  
cs/simple.txt · Poslední úprava: 2019-10-26

Nástroje pro stránku